Paraquat for oil palm
Global production of palm oil has now overtaken soybean oil to be the world’s leading vegetable oil. The Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) is a multi-stakeholder not-for-profit association designed to promote the growth and use of sustainable palm oil. RSPO has published a set of Principles and Criteria for Sustainable Palm Oil Production. These include that growers:Weed management plays a central role in IPM. Initially, plantation floors are cleared of vegetation, but are usually sown with legume cover crops
- Minimise erosion
- Ensure the quality of surface and groundwater
- Use integrated pest management (IPM
DescriptionA decision support system for crop protection which focuses on long-term prevention or suppression of pest problems with minimum impact on human health, the environment, and non-target organisms. IPM takes into consideration all available pest control techniques and tactics (cultural, mechanical, biological, chemical). IPM emphasizes the growth of healthy crops for better productivity with the least possible disruption to agroecosystems.
Authoritative On-line References and Resourceshttp://www.ipmcenters.org "The USDA's National Site for the Regional IPM Centers' Information System provides information about US commodities, pests and pest management practices, people and issues.") techniques to protect crops from weeds, pests and diseases
- Use agrochemicals in a way that does not damage health or the environment
DescriptionDisplacement of solids (soil, mud, rock and other particles) usually by the agents of currents such as, wind, water, or ice by downward or down-slope movement.
Authoritative On-line References and Resourceshttp://soilerosion.net/ This site brings together reliable information on soil erosion from a wide range of disciplines and sources. It aims to be the definitive internet source for those wishing to find out more about soil loss and soil conservation. on sloping ground is especially serious. Up to 14 tonnes per hecatre of soil have been estimated as being removed every year. Plantations affected cannot be re-planted and new land must be found.
“Paraquat has always given good value, with fast and effective weed control, especially of difficult weeds like ferns, woody shrubs and volunteer oil palm seedlings, even in the rainy season. These days, it is important to use paraquat to prevent weed succession problems caused by glyphosate.” - Professor Gembira Sinuraya, North Sumatra University, IndonesiaParaquat can be used to manage the vegetation in plantations not only to reduce competition to the oil palms, but also to maintain habitats and minimise soil erosion.
Oil Palm fact file
- 17 million ha of oil palm grown worldwide
- 70% increase since 2000
- 84% grown in Indonesia, Malaysia and Nigeria
- 10% of Malaysian workforce employed in oil palm related industry
- 6000 litres/ha of biodiesel
DefinitionMono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fats for use in diesel engines. It refers to pure fuel before blending with conventional diesel fuel. Blends are denoted as, "BXX" with "XX" representing the percentage of biodiesel contained in the blend (ie: B20 is 20% biodiesel, 80% petroleum diesel).
Authoritative On-line References and Resourceshttp://www.eere.energy.gov/afdc/fuels/biodiesel.html The US Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy has an Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center containing key information on all biofuels. can be produced