USA: Conservation tillage in cotton

Paraquat, used in a conservation tillage


Any tillage and planting system that covers 30 percent or more of the soil surface with crop residue after planting to reduce soil erosion by water.

Authoritative On-line References and Resources

Purdue University-based Conservation Technology Information Centre.
system, has reaped rewards for two Virginia cotton growers. Brothers Cliff and Clarke Fox of Foxhill Farms have been named Farm Press High Cotton Award winners for the Southeast region.
The Fox brothers planted their first crop of cotton in 1994, using traditional tilling methods. They began the switch to conservation tillage with their second crop. Today, their conservation tillage approach is firmly established. As reported in a January 5, 2006 article in the SouthEast Farms Press, for their award-winning crop, the brothers “use a burn down herbicide, either glyphosate or paraquat, depending on the weed history of the field and time of application.” Low- or no-till


Also known as conservation tillage or zero tillage is a way of growing crops from year to year without disturbing the soil through tillage ie cultivating the soil usually with tractor-drawn implements.

Authoritative On-line References and Resources  A portal for on-line information about no-till farming.
farming benefits land by helping to reduce soil erosion


Displacement of solids (soil, mud, rock and other particles) usually by the agents of currents such as, wind, water, or ice by downward or down-slope movement.

Authoritative On-line References and Resources This site brings together reliable information on soil erosion from a wide range of disciplines and sources. It aims to be the definitive internet source for those wishing to find out more about soil loss and soil conservation.
and conserving soil moisture. Paraquat contributes significantly to conservation tillage systems - such as those used by Foxhill Farms - by controlling weeds with its fast, contact-only action, which kills weeds while leaving root structures intact.
Congratulations to Cliff and Clarke Fox of Foxhill Farms. View the complete story on the SouthEast Farms Press website: For more information about the benefits of paraquat in sustainable agriculture


Management and conservation of the natural resource base and the use of technological and organizational change in a manner that ensures continued agricultural production from the land for present and future generations. Such practices conserve land, water, and plant and animal genetic resources. They are environmentally non-degrading, technically appropriate, economically viable, and socially acceptable. Sustainability rests on the principle that we must meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Therefore, stewardship of both natural and human resources is of prime importance.

Authoritative On-line References and Resources Information from the USDA's Alternative Agricultural Systems Information Center.
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